October 2, 2013
Health map is a tool that enables organisation access medical research information. It is a system that makes use of online informal sources to acquire information on disease outbreaks and outcropping public threats. The users of medical information offered by the Health map are diverse from libraries and local health departments to governments and international travelers. The system indicates the level of risk by grouping them as low, medium, high and extreme cases.
Since 2006, Health maps have come in handy in the advancement of modern day technology in the medical fields. It brings together a collective view of the global state of infectious diseases and their effects on human and animal health. The risk ratings released by the Health map help in early detection of disease outbreaks. Early detection when treated in the proper way prevents hospitalization and possible evacuations.
This helps the government save on the finances it would have used to cure the outbreaks. A country’s manpower is safeguarded by the quick prevention tactics. health map system help save a country’s economy and image.
The medical field and its disciplines have enormously benefited from the Health map technology. International travelers are able to know the level of preparation they should take prior to departure and the degree of medical support needed on arrival. Health map has numerous advantages. First and foremost it is freely available and one is able to access information on the inaccessible areas in the world. The system delivers real-time intelligence. A diverse audience is covered as it serves nine different languages on the automated system.
According to the Health map statistics of the U.S.A 2013, it indicates that antibiotics intake in the country is on the rise. Secondly, statistics brief that the US government has a stockpile of costly smallpox which has been termed unnecessary by experts. Antibiotics according to the Health map are drugs administered to enable the immune system fight against bacterial infections.
Over time the improper intake of the drug has caused antibiotic resistance. Antibiotics resistance comes about when antibiotics drugs are administered to a patient suffering from a virus rather than a bacterial infection.Another cause of resistance occurs when the patient stops taking the antibiotics when the symptoms stop rather than when all the bacteria has been killed.
Genetic mutation or acquiring genes from stronger bacteria has caused antibiotics resistance. Small pox on the other hand is no longer a threat. Hence, investment in its vaccine development is risky because it is a rare disease thus it will be rarely used. This deems the move as a loss to the US government.
The Health map system is convenient, fast and automated hence very easy to use by all people even those that are not enlightened on medical related studies. Simply what the person requiring Health information is required to do is log in into the Health map website. After log in one has to type in on the search slot. The Health map system has helped make urgent yet necessary improvements in the health sector.
January 31, 2014
It important to know what is hypertension (high blood pressure). It also known as arterial hypertension or high blood pressure refers to medical chronic condition in which pressure of blood in the arteries is elevated. Blood pressure is the blood force pushing up against the walls of blood vessel. If the pressure is so high, the heart has to pump harder.
Blood pressure normal level is below 120/80. 120 represent arteries’ peak pressure (systolic measurement) and 80 represents arteries’ minimum pressure (diastolic measurement). A blood pressure of 140/90 or more is referred to as hypertension. Essential hypertension refers to high blood pressure whose causes are unknown. Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure term with a direct cause that is known.
High blood pressure can lead to several illnesses as well as damaged organs such as kidney failure, heart failure, aneurysm, heart attack or stroke.
The following are factors highly associated with hypertension.
- Being overweight or obesity
- Overweight or being obese as a child- it is observed that children who are overweight or obese are likely to suffer high blood pressure during adulthood.
- Sedentary lifestyle- refers to that lifestyle with irregular or no physical activity
- Lack of physical activities
- High salt intake levels- it is estimated that consumption of sodium should be 1, 500 milligrams/day for everybody.
- Insufficient potassium, calcium and magnesium consumption.
- Deficiency of Vitamin D.
- High alcohol consumption levels
- Medicines for example birth control pills.
- Hypertension family history and genetics- it is known that some kidneys’ genes may contribute to high blood pressure.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Thyroid and adrenal problems.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Mostly, although there is no high blood pressure symptoms guarantee. About 35% of people do not know that they have hypertension. It is therefore advisable to have screenings of high blood pressure even when there are no present symptoms.
The following are symptoms that hypertension may lead to.
- Fatigue or confusion
- Severe headaches
- Vision problems
- Chest pains
- Problems with breathing
- Blood in the urine
- Irregular heartbeat
To reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and heart failure, treating high blood pressure is important. Treatment goal for hypertension is to lower blood pressure below 140/90. It may be treated by changing lifestyle factors, medically or combination of both.
Important changes of lifestyle include quitting smoking, losing weight, reducing sodium intake, eating a healthful diet, limiting alcohol consumption and exercising regularly.
Options of medications to treat high blood pressure include several drugs classes. Primary drugs used in the treatment are ARB drugs, ACE drugs, diuretics, beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, calcium channel-blockers and peripheral vasodilators. The above medications can be used alone or combining them and some of them are only used in combination. Some of the drugs may be preferred to others mostly due to patient characteristics such as pregnant and diabetic.
If hypertension is successfully lowered, it is advisable to have frequent medical checkups and take preventive measures. Food rich in nitrates are known to prevent high blood pressure and they include: fennel, beetroot, lettuce, cabbage, carrots and radishes. In addition, yoga is also very effective in high blood pressure reduction.
For additional information on what is hypertension (high blood pressure) you can check bloodpressuremagazine.com.
November 12, 2013
Hair loss is a condition that affects both men and women of different ages and social statuses. The medical term for hair loss is Alopecia Areata, and the influential factors for alopecia include genetics, health, psychosocial variations and medical complications.
The cause of hair loss
Although this difficulty can be anxiety inducting, there are different types of really effective hair loss cure for women and men. In recent years, different remedies have become available to minimize and reverse the effects of hair loss. Some of these therapies are dangerous, but the majority have shown evidence of effectiveness among individuals.
When discussing hair loss with a medical professional, one must regard initial treatment as being medication. Generally, if hair loss is a result of an underlying disease then it is the disease that must be treated. If this is done, then the hair loss will be overcome as a symptom of the disease.
The medical hair loss treatment available
However, if the hair loss is not due to any external plights then there are various hair loss treatments that can be examined. The two most popular hair loss treatment for women are medications known as Minoxidil and Finasteride. Finasteride is also known as Propecia, and Minoxidil is also known as Rogaine. Each of these medications has been approved by FDA and can be purchased at your local pharmacy.
Finasteride is available is a tablet form and is used primarily among men. Research into this pharmaceutical has shown effectiveness into male-pattern baldness with hair regrowth. Minoxidil, on the other hand, is available in a foam form and is used for reduction in hair loss.
The side-effects of medication
Side-effects of both medication has shown irritation of the scalp and unwanted facial hair growth. It is highly recommended that these are not used as hair loss treatment for female, especially pregnant women. More uncommon side-effects that have been seen among males include decreased libido and weight gain.
The surgical cure is available
If one is not willing to undergo long-term courses of medication, there is the option of hair loss surgery. This is a procedure whereby one experiences a surgical procedure to overcome severe hair loss. There are two hair loss surgery options available as a type of hair loss cure. One option involves scalp reduction, and the other involves a hair transplant.
The hair transplant operation involves a removal of small pieces of skin containing live hairs. This skin is then implanted onto the affected area in order to overcome the baldness. Evidence has indicated that after 3-5 months one will notice considerable hair regrowth. Of course, this does require several sessions and consistent attendance of these sessions.
The conclusion of hair loss treatment
As may be seen, hair loss can be a difficult and stressful situation that must be faced. However, there are various hair loss treatments available for all individuals that can assist in reducing loss and increasing hair growth. The choice of which hair loss cure one chooses is based entirely on personal preference and financial allowance. You must also consider the different side effects associated with the treatment.
October 28, 2013
The appendix is a small pouch-like protuberance that is shaped like a finger. It extends from the colon and there is considerable debate about its purpose. In the past, scientists thought that it may have been used by our ancestors to digest plants but current thinking suggests that it houses helpful bacteria to aid in healthy food processing within the lower intestines. An infection in the appendix can be life-threatening and it is vital to recognize the first symptoms of appendicitis before it is too late.
Causes Of Appendicitis
A variety of conditions and disease of the digestive tract may contribute to infections within the appendix. The most common causes are thought to be movement of a stomach infection through the intestinal tract or entrapment of feces within the appendix. There is a link to high levels of environmental pollution with more cases occurring in areas frequently afflicted with dangerous amounts of contaminants. No matter how the appendicitis originates, it is vital to seek a doctor at the earliest signs of appendicitis.
Signs and Symptoms Of Appendicitis
While the earliest symptoms of appendicitis may include general pain in the abdomen, it soon becomes concentrated in the lower right hand side of the abdomen. This location is known as the McBurney Point. In adults, it is located about one-third of the distance between the right anterior superior iliac spine and the umbilicus. A person experiencing an acute attack of appendicitis will experience high levels of pain when pressure is applied at this point.
Pain is generally accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms:
- Heightened periods of pain while coughing or sneezing;
- An inability to pass gas leading to sensations of bloating;
- Fever and chills.
Most patients report elevated pain levels during movement. When a case of appendicitis rapidly escalates, vomiting and excessive pain in the abdomen occurs and none of the other symptoms are manifested. It is critical to receive immediate medical attention during this acute phase.
Problems With Diagnosis
The appendix is not always in the same position within the body. Individuals who have had major surgery may have their appendix relocated and later symptoms may be confused with other diseases. During childhood development, the appendix may be located higher in the abdomen. When generalized persistent pain exists, it is always a good idea to seek medical help. Even if the condition is not appendicitis, the odds are great that there is a significant medical problem.
When typical symptoms of appendicitis are apparent, a diagnosis may be made by a general practitioner. Additional tests may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis or to uncover the infection when symptoms are atypical. Blood tests confirm the presence of infection through elevated levels of white blood cells or proteins. Urine tests are utilized to rule out urinary and bladder infections as the source of the symptoms.
When there is time, an ultrasound may be ordered to explore the anatomy of the appendix. Three dimensional pictures are used to confirm the enlarged appendix typically of appendicitis. MRI or CT scans may be substituted but the results are not as effective in accurate diagnosis.
When the pain is quite severe, the decision may be made to immediately enter surgery and remove the appendix. Even a short delay can result in a life threatening rupture which releases toxic bacteria and their products into the abdominal cavity. This practice saves many lives but does lead to many unnecessary surgical procedures each year.
Knowing the signs of appendicitis will protect you, your health and your family. Acting quickly can buy enough time to perform tests to determine the source of the problem. Being informed can prevent a crisis as well as unneeded surgical procedures. You can find complete list of early signs of appendicitis at www.majordiseases.com.
According to WebMD.com, for treatment of appendicitis usually used surgical procedure named appendectomy, which require a special diet plan after it, and proper home care.
October 25, 2013
There are many people in the United States that enjoy drinking frequently. Some have a substance addiction and find it difficult to go very long without taking a drink. When people used to taking alcohol are prescribed antibiotics, many might wonder whether one can take antibiotics and alcohol at the same time. This article will explore this issue in some detail.
Any time you combine two substances, there exists the possibility for what are known as “drug-drug interactions.” There are many reasons for this. A common one is that both substances are metabolized by the same pathway. If you use one of these pathways excessively, then the body will have a hard time breaking down each substance. They will accumulate in the body, potentially causing excessive side effects. In some cases, the drugs could actually indirectly or directly affect each other, compromising efficacy. For these reasons drug companies are required to perform comprehensive testing when certain commonly used products are used concomitantly.
According to alcoholdetoxmagazine.com, the antibiotics and alcohol have this sort of drug-drug interactions. In a survey of 300 people in a London clinic, 81% of people believed taking the two together reduced an antibiotic’s efficacy while 71% believed the practice resulted in a higher side effect profile.
However, the fact of the matter is that this is not true with the vast majority of antibiotics. In fact, this perception of the drug-drug interaction is of great concern to medical professionals since the belief can cause non-compliance. Skipping just one day of antibiotics can significantly set back a treatment regimen, allowing bacteria a chance to begin to recover.
There are a few antibiotics where the caution is, in fact, warranted. Cephalosporin is one commonly prescribed antibiotic that should not be taken with alcohol. Its intake decreases the breakdown of alcohol in the blood, which increases the levels of acetaldehyde. The result is usually a series of nasty side effects including nausea, headache, chest pain, breathlessness, and flushing. These are quite similar to the side effects caused by taking alcohol with disulfiram, which is often prescribed by doctors to discourage people from falling off the wagon when trying to stop drinking.
Another antibiotic which might result in a similar series of side effects when taken with alcohol is metronidazole. A warning not to take the drug with alcohol does come with the label. However, some doctors dispute this warning as too cautious. A series of reviews of available data failed to find any data supporting the claim. A small controlled study in Finland also failed to find any link between concomitant alcohol consumption and any side effects.
Other antibiotics that one should be careful with when drinking alcohol are tinidazole, linezolid, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, cefotetan, cycloserine, isoniazid, voriconazole, pyrazinamide, thalidomide, rifampin, didanosine and erythromycin. You should not have to worry too much about remembering the names of these medications because the interactions are well known to doctors. They will almost always warn a person not to take alcohol and antibiotics at the same time. Generally speaking, if you do not hear a specific warning, the medicine is not necessarily an excuse to interrupt your drinking habit.
If one does take one of the few antibiotics that do not mix with alcohol, you should exercise some additional caution. Remember that many over-the-counter products such as cold medications and mouthwash usually use alcohol in the formulation. Therefore pay extra attention to the product labels of anything you ingest.
While it is probably a good idea to refrain from alcohol when sick to put less stress on your body, you will not necessarily have to give up drinking while on an antibiotic. In only a few cases do antibiotics and alcohol have drug-drug interactions, and you will usually be given plenty notice by your physician when that is the case.
October 25, 2013
If you discover red dots on skin, you may be quite alarmed that it is a symptom of a serious underlying medical problem. However, the appearance of red dots on the skin is actually very common, and normally nothing to worry about. That said, it is always prudent to seek advice from a medical professional to rule out more worrisome causes, just as a precaution.
Here are some of the typical causes of red spots on the skin, and what can be done about them.
Symptoms And Causes Of Red Dots On Skin
The reasons can be very varied. You will first need to ascertain the nature of the red dots. Press gently on the affected area with your finger, and note whether the redness disappears. If it remains, then the red dots are probably petechiae; bleeding under the skin. If the redness disappears, then it may be a rash or dermatitis.
A rash may need examining by a doctor, but is frequently caused by factors such as stress or sunburn, and will eventually resolve on its own. If you are prone to dry skin or have been diagnosed with dermatitis, then this can sometimes manifests itself as small red patches. This is also easily treated.
Rashes and petechiae can also result from steroid use, allergic reactions, skin cancer, anti-coagulant medications and bacterial infections. In rare cases, there may a serious underlying cause such as leukemia or an autoimmune system problem – this is unlikely if no other symptoms are present, but should still be checked for.
Causes In Babies
Newborn babies frequently develop red dots on areas such as the face. This is because their skin is delicate, and takes time to adapt to the new environment. It is not a reason for concern, and requires no special treatment.
Treating tiny red dots
If the red dots on skin are a result of a harmless rash or dry skin, then you can take the following steps at home to speed your recovery:
- Try A Dietary Supplement.
Red raspberry seed oil supplements are excellent for relieving the irritation and inflammation caused by rashes and dermatitis. It can also help dry skin to heal, and prevent future occurrences.
- Change Your Skin Care Routine.
If you are suffering from dry skin, reexamine your skin care and maintenance regimen. The products you are using may be exacerbating the problem.
- Eat Well.
Whether your red dots are caused by stress or a skin complaint, eating well, staying hydrated, and exercising will aid your recovery.
If a doctor has examined your symptoms and confirmed that the problem is caused by an allergy, you will be prescribed an allergy treatment. You may also be able to use over the counter antihistamines.
When To See A Doctor
If you think that your skin condition has been triggered by drugs – either prescription or non-prescription – then you should see your doctor straight away. You should also see a doctor if the red dots do not fade with time, or if they are accompanied by other symptoms.
Your doctor will examine your overall health and review your medical history. Give your doctor as much information about your symptoms as you can, even if the detail seems relatively unimportant. For instance, tell your doctor if you have recently suffered an injury or if the condition seems to worsen throughout the day.
Following your medical check, your doctor may be able to provide diagnosis and a treatment straight away. In a small number of cases, tests may need to be run to determine the cause, which could involve a blood work series or a bone marrow biopsy.
Tiny red dots on the skin usually have a benign cause, such as dermatitis. However, you should seek immediate medical advice if the problem persists.