It’s important to know what is hypertension or high blood pressure disease. It is also known as arterial hypertension or HBP refers to a medical chronic condition in which pressure of blood in the arteries is elevated. Blood pressure is the blood force pushing up against the walls of blood vessel. If the pressure is so high, the heart has to pump harder.
The blood pressure normal level is below 120/80. 120 represent arteries’ peak pressure (systolic) and 80 represents arteries’ minimum pressure (diastolic). A blood pressure of 140/90 or more is referred to as hypertension. Essential hypertension refers to high blood pressure whose causes are unknown. Secondary hypertension is a HBP term with a direct cause that is known.
High blood pressure can lead to several illnesses as well as damaged organs such as kidney failure, heart failure, aneurysm, heart attack or stroke.
The following are factors highly associated with hypertension.
- Being overweight or obesity
- Overweight or being obese as a child- it is observed that children who are overweight or obese are likely to suffer high blood pressure during adulthood.
- Sedentary lifestyle- refers to that lifestyle with irregular or no physical activity
- Lack of physical activities
- High salt intake levels- it is estimated that consumption of sodium should be 1, 500 milligrams/day for everybody.
- Insufficient potassium, calcium and magnesium consumption.
- Deficiency of Vitamin D.
- High alcohol consumption levels
- Hair loss.
- Medicines. For example, birth control pills.
- Hypertension family history and genetics- it is known that some kidneys’ genes may contribute to high blood pressure.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Thyroid and adrenal problems.
Mostly, although there is no high blood pressure symptoms guarantee. About 35% of people do not know that they have hypertension. It is therefore advisable to have screenings of
HBP even when there are no present symptoms.
The following are symptoms that hypertension may lead to.
- Fatigue or confusion
- Severe headaches
- Vision problems
- Chest pains
- Problems with breathing
- Blood in the urine
- Irregular heartbeat
To reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and heart failure, treating high blood pressure is important. The treatment goal for hypertension is to lower blood pressure below 140/90. It may be treated by changing lifestyle factors, medically or combination of both.
Important changes of lifestyle include quitting smoking, losing weight, reducing sodium intake, eating a healthful diet, limiting alcohol consumption and exercising regularly.
Options of medications to treat high blood pressure include several drug classes. Primary drugs used in the treatment are ARB drugs, ACE drugs, diuretics, beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, calcium channel-blockers and peripheral vasodilators. The above medications can be used alone or combining them and some of them are only used in combination. Some of the drugs may be preferred to others, mostly due to patient characteristics such as pregnant and diabetic.
If hypertension is successfully lowered, it is advisable to have frequent medical checkups and take preventive measures. Food rich in nitrates is known to prevent HBP and they include: fennel, beetroot, lettuce, cabbage, carrots and radishes. In addition, yoga is also very effective in the reduction of this disease. Additional information on what is high blood pressure is available at bloodpressuremagazine.com.